Unhealthy Gums
Periodontal Disease

Periodontitis is a silent, progressive disease that leads to tooth and bone loss. Periodontitis is defined as inflammation of the periodontium–supporting structures of the teeth. Inflammation of the gums is caused by bacteria. Signs and symptoms of early periodontitis (known as gingivitis) are swollen, red, and bleeding gums. It is in this early stage of gingivitis that Dr. Smith and Dr. Carrell can reverse the effects of gum disease and prevent bone loss. It is important to seek dental care at the first sign of bleeding and/or swollen gums.

Later stages of periodontitis are irreversible. Bacteria that cause gingivitis also cause periodontitis. Untreated gingivitis will lead to periodontitis; a progressive disease that leads to tooth and bone loss. There is no cure for periodontitis. The only treatment is halting its progression using therapeutic procedures. The severity of the disease will determine the course of treatment.

Each patient is unique. Some patients are genetically predisposed to periodontitis, meaning they have hyper-inflammatory responses to the bacteria that causes gingivitis and periodontitis. The office of Bruce W. Smith DDS performs laboratory tests to determine the level of bacteria and genetic predisposition. The lab results guide our dentists in developing the optimal course of treatment so that outcomes are more predictable.

If you have questions about gum disease in Houston, Texas, please do not hesitate to call our qualified team at 713-529-4364.